Nouns III The -e declension
Like the -a declension, the -e declension loosely maps to a gender—the neuter—and can also contain feminine nouns. The forms are more distinct, however, and the set of feminine nouns that fall under the -e pattern is much smaller.

Neuter nouns ending in -ú


These include:
  • Mundane objects which are too simple, basic, or bland to inspire recognition of nature or artifice (e.g. dust, sand, mucus, an insignificant moment in time)
  • Individuals or animals of ambiguous gender (e.g. a stranger seen from a distance, a stray cat)
  • Creations (with no clear gender cues) that lack an owner (e.g. a lost key)

  • Feminine nouns ending in -é


    These include:
  • Certain feminine names—treat grammatically as fully female (use a-declension pronouns and articles)
  • Neuter objects possessed by females (see Nouns II) which must be contrasted with an inherently feminine version of the same (e.g. her bowl with a cup)—treat grammatically as neuter (use e-declension pronouns and articles)
  • Weakly feminine phenomena (e.g. the darkness of an unlit room) which are natural but not expressions of nature—treat grammatically as neuter (use e-declension pronouns and articles)

  • Forming an e-declension noun


    Follow the procedure for stem formation specified in the previous chapter. In the dictionary, e-declension nouns are shown as ending in -e, and remember not to confuse -ú with -u; the latter form is only shown in the dictionary.

    -eFeminineNeuter
    casemeaningsingularpluralsingularplural
    n.this does-ai-ei
    ac.do this-(a)né-(e)nai-enú-(e)nei
    v.addressee-[y]é*-(i)vai-[y]ú*-(i)vei
    ab.from this-(e)vé-(e)vin-(e)vú-(a)vin
    l.at this-es-(e)sai-es-(e)sei
    d.to/for this-(e)ké-(e)kai-(e)kú-(e)kei
    g.of this-ení-iní-elí-ilí
    n. c.be this-(e)hé-(a)hai-(e)hé-(e)hei
    a. c.become this-(a)nhé-(e)nhai-(e)nhé-(e)nhei
    i.with this-(e)wé-(e)wai-(e)wú-(e)wei
    e.starting now-(e)pes-(e)pes-(e)pes-(e)pes
    tem.at/during now-(e)té-(e)ltai-(e)tú-(e)ltei
    term.until now-(e)kes-(e)kes-(e)kes-(e)kes

    * Include the y when following a vowel.

    There is, again, a version of this table with the duplicates removed in the reference grammar; you may find this easier to memorize instead, as it highlights repeated forms. (But note that it is organized differently.)

    Examples:

    -ehabe (unlit darkness)mileme (glass)
    casemeaningsingularpluralsingularplural
    n.this doeshabéhabaimilemúmilemei
    ac.do thishabanéhabenaimilemenúmilemenei
    v.addresseehabéhabivaimilemúmilemivei
    ab.from thishabevéhabevinmilemevúmilemavin
    l.at thishabeshabesaimilemesmilemesei
    d.to/for thishabekéhabekaimilemekúmilemekei
    g.of thishabeníhabinímilemelímilemilí
    n. c.be thishabehéhabahaimilemehémilemehei
    a. c.become thishabanhéhabenhaimilemenhémilemenhei
    i.with thishabewéhabewaimilemewúmilemewei
    e.starting nowhabepeshabepesmilemepesmilemepes
    tem.at/during nowhabetéhabeltaimilemetúmilemeltei
    term.until nowhabekeshabekesmilemekesmilemekes

    Remember again from Nouns II and Basics I the nominative complement forms have a silent vowel at the start, which is not written nor spoken in Lilitika and has only been included for legibility in this table.

    Vocabulary


    Memorize the following feminine nouns:
  • habe: darkness of an unlit place (e.g. a room)
  • henweste: glove or boot
  • greñksite: mask
  • podte: toy
  • azide: voice
  • aiteke: gift
  • karipe: palette
  • lúdaire: paint bottle
  • fertove: easel
  • udzhove: reading desk

  • Memorize the following neuter nouns:
  • le: it (mundane neuter)
  • mileme: glass (material)
  • haire: small bowl
  • ilede: desire
  • reghe: grass or reeds
  • senerave: limit
  • solwikse: day (unit of time)
  • tsheke: disagreement
  • verede: counting bead
  • zíbere: correction
  • zeltere: tofu

  • Memorize the following ungendered nouns:
  • illu: idea
  • stu: person
  • koisu: home
  • klegu: bone
  • zholu: hand
  • fídu: neck
  • slokdtabu: slave
  • thelu: self
  • lobíu: tool

  • Exercises


    1. Form the following in Lilitika using the e-declension (ignore "the"):
      • from the paint bottle
      • until the correction
      • with the people
      • since the desire
      • its
      • the person's
      • to the slaves
      • from home
      • at the grass
      • with the toy
      • during the disagreement
      • the bones

    2. Translate the following into English:
      • veredenei
      • stewú
      • karipiní
      • fertovevé
      • iledetú
      • lobíemes
      • illenhai

    3. Classify the following as feminine, natural, neuter, feminized neuter, or undeterminable without context: